The Art of Classical Details: Theory, Design and Craftsmanship

David Easton

David Easton is considered to be one of the world’s most sought-after interior designers. He founded his own firm in 1972, and quickly gained recognition for his classically inspired, traditional interiors. In the 1980s, his opulent English-style interiors became emblems of the age. David was named to the Interior Design Hall of Fame in 1992, and has twice been presented with Classical America’s Arthur Ross Award. Most recently, his peers honored him with the Lifetime Achievement Award at London’s Design and Decoration Awards. Architectural Digest has included David in their Top 100 Designers in the World, a record 10 times.

Jeremy Musson

A leading commentator on the English country house, Jeremy Musson is the author of several books including English Country House Interiors. He has written for County Life magazine for sixteen years and was the architectural editor for nearly a decade. Jeremy also co-wrote and presented the acclaimed BBC television series on important country houses called The Curious House Guest.

Professor James Stevens Curl

James Stevens Curl is a Member of the Royal Irish Academy, a Fellow of the Societies of Antiquaries of London and of Scotland, a Fellow of the Royal Incorporation of Architects of Scotland, and the author of many highly acclaimed books, including A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Design, Victorian Architecture: Diversity & Invention, Georgian Architecture: The British Isles 1714-1830, and Freemasonry & the Enlightenment: Architecture, Symbols & Influences.

David Watkin

David Watkin is Emeritus Professor of the History of Architecture at the University of Cambridge, an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects, A Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and Vice-Chairman of the Georgian Group. His many books include Sir John Soane: Enlightenment Thought and the Royal Academy Lectures, Morality and Architecture Revisited, Radical Classicism: The Architecture of Quinlan Terry, and the seminal A History of the Western World.

Robert Chitham

Robert Chitham is an architect who has specialized in building conversation as well as neo-classical design. He was the first Directing Architect of English Heritage after its formation in 1983, and was subsequently President of ICOMOS UK. He is the author of Measured Drawing for Architects, and the Classical Orders of Architecture.

Henry Hope Reed

For well over half a century Henry Hope Reed has been the foremost spokesman for the classical tradition in architecture and its allied arts. In 1968 he co-founded Classical America, the pioneering organization that promoted the current resurgence in classical and traditional design. His works include the popular The Golden City, The New York Public Library: Its Architecture and Decoration, and The U.S. Capitol: Its Lesson for Today.

AIDAN MORTIMER · SYMM · OXFORD, ENGLAND

Aidan Mortimer is Group Chief Executive of Symm, a Fellow of the Society of Arts, a Brother of the Art Workers Guild, and has a Masters in Historic Conservation. His building company Symm, was established in 1815 and is based in Oxford, England, with offices in London and New York. The company specializes in the restoration and alteration of historic buildings and also creates bespoke joinery and stonework in its Oxford workshops. Symm works worldwide and past projects include work at Buckingham Palace, The Houses of Parliament, and every one of Oxford’s colleges.

ALAIN OLIVIER · GOLD COAST METAL WORKS · HUNTINGTON BAY, NEW YORK

President and founder of Gold Coast Metal Works, Alain Olivier is a self-taught expert in the art of decorative architectural ironwork. By establishing his company’s atelier with the workmanship of experienced artisans in Olomouc in the Czech Republic, he has helped re-enliven the storied craft. GCM designs, fabricates and restores architectural metalwork for fine residences throughout the world. Alain has an MBA in Finance from the University of Michigan and a bachelor’s degree in Modern European History from the University of Chicago. Before founding his company in 2002 the New York native worked in commodities.

PAUL CHESNEY · CHESNEY’S · LONDON, ENGLAND

Paul Chesney, founder of Chesney’s, was educated at Bradfield College, Berkshire and went on to read Law at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge. He practiced as a solicitor before deciding in 1984 to start a company that now employs over 250 people and produces over 5000 marble and limestone chimneypieces every year. The business has developed massively since it started, initially concerned solely with restoration of reconditioned antique fireplaces, but now known for being the first company to make high quality reproductions in marble and stone, widely available at an affordable price. Chesney’s has offices, showrooms and warehouses in the UK and the USA.

KEVIN CROSS · KEVIN CROSS STUDIO · REDDING, CONNECTICUT

Kevin Cross is the owner and founder of Kevin Cross Studio, an art and design studio that offers traditional painting and gilding services, and specializes in creating custom furniture, decorative art, and lacquer work for interior designers, architects, and private clients. The company also provides restoration services for collectors of antique furniture and decorative objects. Established in New York City in 1987, Kevin Cross Studio is now located in Redding, CT.

RICHARD CARBINO · TRADITIONAL CUT STONE · TORONTO, CANADA

Richard Carbino founded Traditional Cut Stone 14 years ago with his partners David Tyrrell and Lawrence Voaides. Specializing in handcrafted masterpieces in limestone, marble, and sandstone, their company is home to the largest number of classically trained stone carvers in North America. The 20,000 square foot workshop provides both stone cutting and stone carving services, and is home to their art department, which provides sketches, renderings, and plaster models of many of their designs.

FOSTER REEVE · FOSTER REEVE & ASSOCIATES · NEW YORK & LOS ANGELES

Foster Reeve, President of Foster Reeve & Associates, holds an MFA from Parsons School of Design. His passion for design led him in 1992 to found his own company to singularly pursue the craft of traditional plasterwork. Foster’s mission is to ignite interest in plaster in the design community and promote its use as the best material choice for quality trim and decoration. He specializes in custom designed plaster moldings, ornamentation and bas relief, as well as integral color stuc pierre, scagliola, and a host of decorative wall finishes. His work adorns major projects around the world.

JIM MATTHEWS · H.G. MATTHEWS BRICKWORKS · BUCKINGHAMSHIRE, ENGLAND

H.G. Matthews Brickworks was first established in 1923 by Jim’s grandfather. Still a family owned, and run company, it is a small old-fashioned works that has retained many traditional skills and techniques. This has enabled them to thrive as suppliers of hand-made bricks to the conservation sector, as well as for high-end new homes. Recently, with assistance from Colonial Williamsburg in Virginia, the company has relearned the technique of wood firing, which means authentic bricks, with beautiful wood glazing are once again available for the repair of buildings predating the 18th century.

QUINLAN TERRY · QUINLAN & FRANCIS TERRY ARCHITECTS · ESSEX, ENGLAND

As one of the most celebrated architects practicing today, Quinlan Terry has played a leading role in the revival of classical architecture, emphasizing traditional materials, construction methods, and ornament as valuable solutions to modern architecture. Together with his son Francis, who regularly exhibits drawings at the Royal Academy, their firm continues the architectural firm that was started by Raymond Erith 1928, specializing in Palladian inspired designs. Quinlan has been honored with numerous awards, including the Richard H. Driehaus Prize for Classical Architecture.

ROBERT ADAM · ADAM ARCHITECTURE · WINCHESTER, ENGLAND

Robert Adam’s contribution to the classical tradition is internationally acknowledged, as a scholar and as a designer of traditional and progressive classical architecture. He trained at the University of Westminster and in 1973 won a Rome Scholarship. Robert cofounded the practice ADAM Architecture, the largest traditional architecture practice in the world. He works on a diverse range of projects including major private houses, historic building extensions, public and commercial buildings, masterplanning, speculative housing and has pioneered objective coding. His work is widely published and he lectures both in the UK and overseas.

JULIAN BICKNELL · JULIAN BICKNELL & ASSOCIATES · LONDON, ENGLAND

Regarded as one of today’s leading classicists, Julian Bicknell founded his own firm in 1984 after running the project office at the Royal College of Art for six years. Julian’s architecture is both pragmatic and theatrical, as he seeks to combine the advantages of modern technology and mass-production with occasions for pleasure, surprise and tne craftsmanship. His formal designs are based on rigorous modular and geometric systems applied both in the setting out of plan, section and elevation and also throughout the detailing. These systems are designed in the first instance to order and simplify the process of construction—but provide as a by-product the calm and inevitability of classical architecture and interiors.

JOHN SIMPSON · JOHN SIMPSON & PARTNERS · LONDON, ENGLAND

Established in 1980 and based in the Bloomsbury area of London, John Simpson & Partners specializes in designing in the classical and vernacular tradition. Their portfolio of work encompasses urban materplans, public and educational buildings, private residences, and interior design. John was instrumental in the New Classicism movement of the 1980s, and is rightfully acclaimed for his counter proposal for the design of Paternoster Square in London. Amongst his built projects is an addition to Gonville and Caius College at the University of Cambridge, and the Queens Gallery at Buckingham Palace. He is the recipient of many awards, including the Arthur Ross Award for Architecture in 2008.

PETER PENNOYER · PETER PENNOYER ARCHITECTS · NEW YORK, NEW YORK

Since its founding in 1991, Peter Pennoyer Architects has built a substantial and varied body of work for residential, commercial, and institutional commissions often involving significant historic buildings across the country. The study of history is the generating force of the firm, and each project, from restorations and renovations of historic properties to new construction, unites vigorous scholarship with an inventive reinterpretation of the classical language. Peter currently serves as the Chairman at The Institute of Classical Architecture & Art, and is the co-author of numerous architectural monographs including The Architecture of Delano & Aldrich, and The Architecture of Warren & Wetmore.

JOHN B. MURRAY · JOHN B. MURRAY ARCHITECT · NEW YORK, NEW YORK

For over 15 years John Murray’s office has been lauded for its traditional aesthetic, its simplicity of form, and in particular, its supreme craftsmanship. Starting with hand-drawn plans, the firm’s designs all reflect their context, while seamlessly integrating sophisticated and unique details. This old world care, and respect for the creative clarity that comes from a visual as well as in-person dialogue between client and architect, are the firm’s hallmark. Over the years John has collaborated with many of America’s top decorators, and is considered an expert on the Park Avenue vernacular.

RICHARD CAMERON · ATELIER & COMPANY · BROOKLYN, NEW YORK

Richard Cameron founded Atelier & Co. in 2009. The firm takes its name from the old French word for an artist’s or craftsman’s studio, and practices architectural design as a fine art in the traditional way, collaborating on projects with other architects, artists, and craftsmen—hence the “& Co.” Previously Richard was the Design Director of Ariel—The Art of Building, a firm that he co-founded with David J. Cohen. Perhaps his greatest achievement is as co-founder of the Institute of Classical Architecture, where he has taught every year since its inception in 1992. At present he serves as Vice-Chairman of the Institute, as well as Director of its Beaux Arts Design Atelier.

HUGH PETTER · ADAM ARCHITECTURE · WINCHESTER, ENGLAND

Hugh Petter, a director of ADAM Architecture, is a well-recognized authority on classical and traditional architecture. He is currently working for The Duchy of Cornwall on the masterplan and code for a sustainable urban extension to the town of Newquay. Hugh won Rome Scholarships in 1990 and 1991 before returning to London in 1992 to establish the Foundation Course at The Prince of Wales’s Institute of Architecture, where he served as Senior Tutor for six years. He has published essays on various architectural subjects, and is a visiting tutor to several colleges in the UK and overseas.

TIMOTHY BRYANT ARCHITECT · NEW YORK, NEW YORK

Since 1997, Timothy Bryant Architect has created residences that celebrate craftsmanship, beauty, and sense of place. A Classicist by training, Timothy was born and raised in England, where was introduced to architecture and the building arts at an early age by his father, who was a builder. Whether ground-up construction, restoration and renovation, historic preservation, interior decoration, or adaptive reuse, each project embraces the challenges of contemporary living, integrating the demands of sustainability and energy efficiency with time-tested construction methods and fine materials.

CURTIS & WINDHAM ARCHITECTS · HOUSTON, TEXAS

Since the beginning of their collaboration in 1992, Bill Curtis and Russell Windham have found a mutual interest in producing traditional architecture that combines a deep respect for architectural history and context with a well-studied knowledge of traditional and classical detailing. Although best known for their work in Houston’s historic suburbs, the firm has completed projects throughout America. Bill and Russell have both been recognized nationally in numerous publications, and are the recipients of several architectural awards.

FAIRFAX & SAMMONS ARCHITECTS · NEW YORK, NEW YORK

Partners in business as well as in marriage, Anne Fairfax and Richard Sammons established their award winning architectural firm over twenty years ago. Their body of work reflects theories of proportion and order that have been passed down through scholarship and practice for generations. Both principals are sought-after critics, teachers, and jurors in the academic community, with Anne serving on the board of The Institute of Classical Architecture & Art, as well as The Royal Oak Foundation, and Richard internationally recognized as an expert in the field of architectural proportion.

FERGUSON & SHAMAMIAN ARCHITECTS · NEW YORK, NEW YORK

Mark Ferguson and Oscar Shamamian built their firm on a shared enthusiasm for traditional architecture that was nurtured while they both worked at the celebrated decorating firm of Parish Hadley. Since its founding in 1988, the firm’s core practice has been the design of custom residences, including city apartments, suburban houses and country estates. Working with some of today’s most recognizable decorators, such as Michael S. Smith and Bunny Williams, the firm has been widely published and has been named by Architectural Digest as one of their Top 100 Architects and Designers.

FRANCK & LOHSEN ARCHITECTS · WASHINGTON, D.C.

As winners of the prestigious Arthur Ross Award for Architecture in 2011, Franck & Lohsen, Architects specialize in classical architecture and town planning. Founded by Michael M. Franck and Arthur C. Lohsen, the firm has earned distinction for its timeless and elegant designs, often with buildings or regions that are highly sensitive to their historic nature. With projects all over the United States as well as projects in Italy and in England, their work displays a thoughtful and sophisticated combination of classical approaches and modern sensibilities.

ROBERT FRANKLIN ARCHITECT · OXFORDSHIRE, ENGLAND

Robert Franklin established his practice in 1978, and kept it deliberately small so that he might remain involved in each aspect of every design. Advocating that architecture should be a pleasure, and not a stylistic crusade, Robert’s designs are the result of long and affectionate study of the best examples from the past. All design work is done by hand that allows a continuous development of details unique to each project. He is listed on the RIBA’s Accreditation Register at the highest level as a Specialist Conservation Architect, and is recipient of numerous design and conservation awards.

ALLAN GREENBERG ARCHITECT · WASHINGTON, D.C.

Allan Greenberg established his firm in 1972, and now has offices in Greenwich, New York, and Washington, D.C. The firm has an international reputation for combining contemporary construction techniques with the best architectural traditions to create solutions that are both timeless and technologically progressive. Allan’s articles, teaching, and lectures have exerted a strong influence on the study and practice of classical architecture, and in 2006, he was the first American to be awarded the Richard H. Driehaus Prize for Classical Architecture.

IKE KLIGERMAN BARKLEY ARCHITECTS · NEW YORK, NEW YORK

With an emphasis on residential design the work of John Ike, Thomas Kligerman, and Joel Barkley, is articulated in a variety of styles synthesizing historical precedent with contemporary vision. Since its inception in 1989, the firm has earned international recognition for their rich vocabulary of form, and their considered approach to detail, material and craft. The firm has earned numerous design awards, and has been featured among Architectural Digests Top 100 Architects and Designers since 1995.

FRANCIS JOHNSON AND PARTNERS · YORKSHIRE, ENGLAND

Chartered Architects Francis Johnson and Partners was founded in 1937 by the late Francis F. Johnson, who was regarded as one of England’s pre-eminent classical architects. The practice, now overseen by senior partners Digby Harris and Malcolm Stather, is best known for its Country House design—although they also design smaller houses and cottages, as well as commercial buildings, and interiors. The practice has received numerous awards over the years including, most recently, the 2009 Giles Worsley Award for a New Building in a Georgian Context from the Georgian Group.

DAVID JONES ARCHITECT · WASHINGTON, D.C.

For over 30 years, working from a studio atop a townhouse in Washington’s Dupont Circle neighborhood, David Jones Architects designs houses that fit throughout the Washington area and beyond. David’s background includes undergraduate and professional degrees from Princeton, and study at King’s College, Cambridge. His work is characterized by a sense of authenticity, attention to detail, and a particular mix of the traditional and the contemporary. The firm maintains a national reputation, regularly receiving feature articles in numerous publications.

JOHN MILNER ARCHITECTS · CHADDS FORD, PENNSYLVANIA

John Milner Architects specializes in the evaluation, restoration and adaptation of historic buildings, as well as the design of new homes that reflect the rich architectural traditions of the past. The firm’s firsthand experience with the history and construction technology of three centuries of American architecture informs its approach to both historic preservation and new design. In addition to his professional practice, John has taught at the University of Pennsylvania’s Graduate School of design for over thirty years, receiving the Perkins Award for Distinguished Teaching in 2007.

G. P. SCHAFER ARCHITECT · NEW YORK, NEW YORK

G. P. Schafer Architect is a small New York City-based firm specializing in classical and traditional residential architecture. In each of its projects the firm emphasizes a commitment to quality, craftsmanship, rigorous detail based on an understanding of historic precedent, and most importantly, comfort and livability. Led by principal Gil Schafer III, the firm has been widely published in books and periodicals on both sides of the Atlantic and has been the recipient of numerous awards including three Palladio Awards for outstanding traditional residential design.

ANDREW SKURMAN ARCHITECTS · SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA

Andrew Skurman founded his firm in San Francisco in 1992. As principal and owner of Andrew Skurman Architects, he focuses on superbly-crafted custom houses that are perfectly and logically planned to the specific requirements and wishes of his clients. His expertise lies in the elegant and refined expression of Classical architecture and the interpretation of French, Georgian, and Mediterranean styles. Andrew has received the honor of being named a Chevalier of Arts & Letters by the Minister of Culture of France.

ERIC J. SMITH ARCHITECT · NEW YORK, NEW YORK

The office of Eric J. Smith Architect reflects Eric’s personal values, those of tradition, timelessness, grace and a commitment to quality. For over 20 years, Eric and his staff have been designing high-end, custom residences for clients in the United States and overseas, working in a variety of settings, styles and architectural vocabularies. The firm is well known for its collaboration with some the America’s finest interior designers, landscape designers and craftspeople—and in particular the work it has done over the years with David Easton.

SMITH ARCHITECTURAL GROUP · PALM BEACH, FLORIDA

Since opening his office in 1989, Jeffrey Smith has established a practice that is committed to the pursuit of classical architecture. Following in the tradition of Palm Beach’s celebrated architects of the past, Jeff’s work displays a refined elegance coupled with exquisite detailing and superb craftsmanship. He subscribes to the idiom that the rebirth of tradition yields architecture with meaning. Much respected in Palm Beach, he has served as Chairman of the Town’s Architectural Commission and Landmark Preservation Commission.

KEN TATE ARCHITECT · NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA

Ken Tate started his own firm in 1984 and has since become one of the most sought-after designers in his native South. Ken’s understanding of classical architecture is enhanced by his love of vernacular styles, and while some of his designs offer a faithful representation of historic styles, others marry elements from several periods to give the impression that they grew and changed over time. By employing this design technique, as well as the use of traditional craftsmanship, all of his homes have a romantic feel that makes them appear to have been lived in for generations.

WADIA ASSOCIATES · NEW CANAAN, CONNECTICUT

For over 30 years, Dinyar Wadia has earned a reputation for designing classically inspired homes, gardens and interiors. His finely detailed residences display a remarkable versatility and adaptability within the classical language, and are characterized by a passion for excellent detailing, use of fine materials and exceptional workmanship. Dinyar’s core design philosophy is to emphasize the integral relationship between a home and its gardens—an approach that has seen him garner numerous architectural and landscape design awards.